Malaria mosquitoes thrive mainly in wet areas
The Anopheles mosquito is a night insect and in principle occurs all over the world. This mosquito naturally does not carry malaria. The Anopheles, however, is the only mosquito capable of transmitting malaria parasites from an infected person to person. The population groups that are infected and carry the malaria parasite in their blood live in Asia, Africa, Latin America, the Middle East and poor European regions. Most malaria victims occur in Sub-Saharan Africa.
The malaria mosquito lives mainly in areas with stagnant water. She needs protein-rich blood to lay her eggs. In combination with sufficient daylight, the larvae can develop into fully-fledged mosquitoes. If she feeds on blood from a healthy person, then there is no malaria spread. But when she feeds on malaria-contaminated blood, there is a danger that the disease will spread. We can then speak of a malaria risk area.
The Anopheles mosquito is a night insect. Only the female feeds on blood and is extremely aggressive at night. It is therefore essential for populations living in malaria risk areas to sleep under an impregnated mosquito net.
The malaria mosquito is hardly found in untouched, tropical rainforest, because it is difficult to reproduce there. Because of the lack of direct sunlight, the larvae cannot develop further.